Approved Tree Species List

Suggested Tree Species
The tree species listed are considered for such factors as: size, disease resistance, pest problems, Location suitability, seed or fruit set and visual appearance.  Another factor that can be considered in species selection is which trees are presently doing well and are relatively free from insects and disease.  While efforts have been made to make appropriate recommendations, nurseries may have further information as to specific cultivars or varieties which may be more suitable for your location or climate. 

LARGE TREES (>40') PLANT ONLY IF AREA BETWEEN SIDEWALK AND CURB IS GREATER THAN 10 FEET.
 
Latin (scientific name) Common Name   Description or Characteristic of plant
 
 
Cladrastis kentukea Yellowwood   Moderate growth rate, flowering, smooth bark; best in non-compacted soil; do not prune in Spring.
 
 
Corylus colurna Turkish Filbert   Tolerant of urban conditions; pyramidal form, no serious pests.
 
 
Eucommia ulmoides Hardy Rubbertree   Slow to moderate growth rate; leaves look like an elm; pest resistant; not for poorly drained sites.
 
 
Celtis occidentalis Hackberry   Performs well under adverse conditions; bare root; smaller trees (<40')
 
 
Gingko biloba Maidenhairtree   Choose Male Cultivars; no pests; prune - to - train recommended; upright cultivars available.
 
 
Gymnocladus dioicus Kentucky Coffeetree   Moderate growth rate; open crown; use male cultivars like'Macho"; few pests or disease.
 
 
Larix decidua Common Larch   Deciduous evergreen; pyramidal shaped; no flowers; attractive reddish brown to grayish brown bark
 
 
Metasequoia glyptostroboides Dawn Redwood   Rapid growth rate; deciduous conifer; good from; generally pest free.
 
 
Nyssa sylvatica Tupelo or Black Gum   Slow growth rate; brilliant fall color; slow growing; tolerant to drought and flooding.
 
 
Quercus macrocarpa Bur Oak   Slow growth rate; more tolerant to City conditions than most oaks.
 
 
Quercus imbricaria Shingle Oak   Slow to medium growth rate; acorns less of a litter problem than most oaks; transplant in Spring.
 
 
Quercus bicolor Swamp White Oak   Slow growth rate; tolerant of urban conditions; transplants well in Spring.
 
 
Quercus acatissima Sawtooth White Oak   Handsome wide spreading clean foliaged tree; not typical oak leaf; good lawn tree.
 
 
LARGE TREES (>40') PLANT ONLY IF AREA BETWEEN SIDEWALK AND CURB IS GREATER THAN 10 FEET.
 
Latin (scientific name) Common Name   Description or characteristic of plant
 
Quercus rubra Red Oak   Fast growing tree; tolerates urban conditions along streets with heavy traffic.
 
 
Liquidambar styraciflua Sweetgum   multi-colored fall color display; limited fruit; Michigan is the northern most range of this species.
 
 
Liriodendron tulipifera Tuliptree   Needs large amounts of room; tallest tree east of the Mississippi River; Limited wood strength.
 
 
Sassafras albidum Common Sassafras   medium-sized tree; good fall color from red to purple to orange. Tolerates a wide range of soil conditions
 
 
Sophora japonica Japanese pagodatree   medium to large tree; ornamental bark; rounded shaped; white flowers in mid-summer
 
 
Taxodium distichum Common Baldcyprus   Moderate to fast growth rate; deciduous conifer; tolerates poor drainage.
 
 
Tilia cordata Littleleaf Linden   Good shade tree for street conditions; has conical growth habit while young; becoming broader with age.
 
 
Ulmus parviflora Chinese (Lacebark) elm   Moderate growth rate; choose Dutch Elm Disease and Phloem necrosis resistant varieties such as Drake, Dynasty, Ohio or Prospector.
 
 
Zelkova serrata Japanese Zelkova   Moderate growth rate; fall color from yellow to red; ornamental bark; fruit is insignificant; tree has elm-like appearance
 
 
 
 
MEDIUM TREES (25' - 40') IF THE AREA BETWEEN THE SIDEWALK AND CURB IS LESS THAN 10', USE THESE TREES.
 
Latin (scientific name) Common Name   Description or characteristic of plant
 
Acer campestre Hedge Maple   Fits under utility lines; tolerates a wide range of urban sites; no serious insect or disease problems; (only for use under power lines)
 
 
Aesculus x camea 'Briotii' Ruby Red Horsechestnut   Tolerant of urban conditions; fairly heat and drought resistant; slow growth rate.
 
 
Alnus cordata Italian Alder   Medium-sized tree; pyramidal tree; survives in a wide range of soils; good-colored foliage
 
 
Betula nigra River Birch   20 - 30' tall; excellent bronze, exfoliating bark; resistant to bronze birch borer; multi-stemmed tree
 
 
Carpinus caroliniana American Hornbeam   Slow growth rate; well-suited to small spaces and shady suburban sites.
 
 
Cercidiphyllum japonicum Katsuratree   Moderate to fast growth rate; few disease or pests.
 
 
Halesia caroliniana Mountain Silverbell   Slow growth rate; pest resistant; subtle flowers
 
 
Koelreuteria paniculata Goldenrain Tree   Flowering; tolerant of urban settings; choose tree form
 
 
Maackia amurensis Amur Maackia   Ornamental bark; flowers in mid-summer; insignificant fall color; round shaped as tree ages
 
 
 
Ostrya paniculata American Hophornbeam   Performs well in urban settings; choose tree form.
 
 
Parrotia persica Persian Parrotia   Excellent medium lawn or street tree; gray, green and brown mosaic bark; gold to scarlet fall color.
 
 
Phellodendron amurense Amur corktree   Corky bark; Choose male cultivar like 'Macho'; pest free; upright growth; shallow roots.
 
 
 
 
SMALL TREES (>25') IF AREA BETWEEN SIDEWALK AND CURB IS LESS THAN FIVE FEET, USE THESE TREES. ASK FOR THEM IN TREE FROM; NO MULTI-STEM FORMS.
 
Latin (scientific name) Common Name   Description or characteristic of plant
 
Acer ginnala Amur Maple   Very cold hardy; good street tree; slow growing; single or multi-stem (only for use under power lines).
 
 
Acer griseum Paperbark maple   cinnamon to red-brown exfoliating bark is the nicest factor; small sized tree; bronze to red fall color; small size tree
 
 
Amelanchier species Serviceberry   A variety of flowering cultivars available; can be sensitive to City conditions and pest; attractive flowers in Spring; Edible berries.
 
 
Cercis canadensis Eastern Redbud   Moderate growth rate; sun or partial shade; Minnesota strains are more winter hardy.
 
 
Cornus kousa Kousa dogwood   Slow to moderate growth rate; use tree from; flowering
 
 
Crataegus sp. Hawthorn species   Choose thornless tree form; flowering; withstands compaction; i.e.. 'Crimson Cloud English hawthorn'
 
 
Stewartia koreana Korean Stewartia   20' tall; pyramidial shaped; excellent red to purple fall color; ornamental exfoliating bark; white flowers in June
 
 
Syringa reticulata Japanese Tree Lilac   Choose tree form; flowering; flowers appear in June; cream colored
 
 
Malus sp. Flowering Crabapple   Select disease resistant cultivars; be aware of varying growth habits of cultivars; available in many forms and flower colors. Consider these:
 
 
  'Harvest Gold'
  'Madonna'
  'Prairifire'
  'Red Baron'
  'Red Jewel'
  'Sentennial'
  'Snowdrift'
  'Spring Snow'
  'Spring Tyme'

Special Use Trees

In certain areas of the City or in areas of restricted above-ground space, the best tree choice may be those varieties that grow more upright, in a columnar form, known as fastigiated form. This form allows for minimal blockage because of their tight, upright habit and they will also not hang over sidewalk avoiding clearance concerns.